Working in the Gig Economy

Abbing, Hans. Why Are Artists Poor? The Exceptional Economy of the Arts, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2008.

Benmiloud, Hadjar. ‘Een nieuwe verloren generatie’, De Groene Amsterdammer, 28 november 2018,

Eckenhaussen, Sepp. ‘Post-precariteit: Drie principes voor cultuurwerk, beleid en solidariteit na Covid19’, Institute of Network Cultures, 3 June 2021,

Hao, Karen. ‘The AI Gig Economy Is Coming for You’, MIT Technology Review, 31 May 2019,

Hewison, Robert. ‘Freelance Workers Are the Backbone of the Art World – But How Are They Expected to Survive on a Pittance?’, The Art Newspaper, 5 March 2021,

Lorey, Isabell. State of Insecurity: Government of the Precarious, London & New York: Verso, 2015.

Lorusso, Silvio. Entreprecariat: Everybody Is an Entrepreneur, No One Is Safe, Eindhoven: Onomatopee, 2019.

Lupu, Alina. ‘Before We Knew What Hit Us’, Platform BK, 24 April 2020,

Morgan, Geogre, and Pariece Nelligan. The Creativity Hoax: Precarious Work and the Gig Economy, London: Anthem Press, 2018.

Rasterhof, Claartje, and Bjorn Schrijen. ‘Hoe precair is werk in de cultuursector? In gesprek met kunst- en cultuurfilosoof Thijs Lijster’, Boekmanstichting, 27 May 2020,

Ravenelle, Alexandrea J. Hustle and Gig: Struggling and Surviving in the Sharing Economy, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2019,


Money Flows in the Cultural Sector

 Baelen, Carlo van. ‘Noodfondspijlen naast het cultuurdoel’, Rekto:Verso, 26 December 2020,

Demollin, Timo. ‘The Philanthropy Trap’, Platform BK, 24 March 2021,

‘The future of the art market’, Creative United, 


Experiments with Crypto

‘A guide to ecofriendly CryptoArt’,

Dal Dosso, Silvia. ‘Cats, Frogs and Cryptoartists: What if Auteur .jpgs Become a Luxury Good’, Institute of Network Cultures,

‘Episode V. Toward a New Ecology of Crypto Art: A Hybrid Manifesto’, Flash Art, The Uncanny Valley series, 26 February 2021, https://flash—

Lovink, Geert, and Alexander Estorick, ‘Crypto Art Interview’, Institute of Network Cultures, 26 February 2021,

Menkman, Rosa. The Glitch Moment(um), Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures, 2011.

Menkman, Rosa. ‘Remarks on Crypto-Art’, MoneyLab, 3 March 2021,

Wisecrack, ‘How NFTs Explain Everything Wrong with Art’, YouTube, 14 April 2021,


Staying Happy and Healthy

 ‘50 Ways to Take Care of Yourself in the Arts’, Arts Hub, 1 November 2015,

‘Assessing Risk: On Strategies for Health, Safety, and Welfare Within Arts Practice’, Kunstlicht, vol. 41, no. 4, 2020,

Billuart, Morgane. ‘New Mores, What Now?’, Idealenfabriek, 28 May 2021,,-wat-nu?.

 Judith Boessen, ‘What’s Wrong with the Art Academy? In Search of Flaws in Art Education’, Mister Motley, 7 January 2021, 


Durable Self-Organization

Institute of Radical Imagination. ‘Art for UBI Manifesto’, Institute of Radical Imagination, 16 January 2021,

Choi, Binna. ‘Living Organisation: That Is, Self-Organisation’, Autonomous Fabric, 1 March 2018,

Dillemuth, Stephan, Anthony Davies, and Jakob Jakobsen, ‘There Is No Alternative: The Future Is Self-Organised’, 2005, What’s Next?,

Kraaijeveld, Joram. ‘Reinventing Solidarity’, ArtEZ Studium Generale, 6 January 2020,

Landau, Frederike. ‘Cultural Infrastructures of Vulnerability: Reflections on Care during and after COVID-19’, Arts of the Working Class, 4 June 2020,

Loots, Ellen, Kaja Piecyk en Walter van Andel. ‘Collectieve emancipatie als de route naar een meer eerlijke beloning in de kunsten?’, Creatief Ondernemerschaplab,